Stevia is a green leafy plant native to South America. It is unique among food ingredients because it’s most valued for what it doesn’t have. It has no calories. Its leaves produce sweet components, known as steviol glycosides, which are up to 300 times sweeter than sugar, and can be extracted from the leaves of the Stevia plant to sweeten food without adding calories. Unlike other sugar substitutes, Stevia is derived from a plant. It is part of the Asteraceae family, related to the daisy and ragweed.
Stevia is ironically healthy because it contains zero sugar, zero calories, and zero other macronutrients. However, it is sweeter than sugar up to 300 times.
Health Benefits and Medical Use
Stevia has a component named stevioside which lowers the blood pressure. Hence, it is found out that by taking Stevia, the risk of hypertension is reduced as well as its potential complications like heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. Aside from that, Stevia has been studied in diabetic patients with impressive results. It is known to prevent type 2 Diabetes.
Stevia has also been shown to have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, diuretic and immunomodulatory effects in animals. But of course, not all that works in rats works in humans, too.
Stevia is a well known sugar substitute. It is used by many to serve healthy and, at the same time, tasty food.