Caraway is a Eurasian plant that has finely divided leaves and clusters of white and pinkish flowers. Its seeds called the caraway seeds are commonly used in cooking and medicine. Its leaves are sparingly used in stews and soups.
Caraway seeds are rich in dietary fiber that helps prevent constipation. Caraway contains several health benefiting essential oils like carvone, limonene, carveol, pinen, cumuninic aldehyde, furfurol, and thujone. Caraway is an excellent source of minerals like iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, selenium, zinc and magnesium. Vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C as well as many B-complex vitamins like thiamin, pyridoxine, riboflavin, and niacin are concentrated in the caraway seeds.
Health Benefits/ Medical Use
Caraway helps lower blood cholesterol levels and prevents constipation. It’s also known to have antioxidant properties which protect the body from cancers, infection, aging, and degenerative disorders. Sometime, it’s used in the treatment of flatulence and indigestion, especially to relieve infantile colic. It’s also used as flavoring agent in mouthwash and gargle preparations. It can also be a remedy in bronchitis and irritable bowel syndrome.
Caraway seeds have a warm, sweet and peppery aroma when squeezed. It is generally roasted under low heat and ground just before using them to keep its flavor.